William Shakespeare | The Greatest poet and dramatist of the Elizabethan Age | Biography, Books, Writings & Quotes | Learning The Easy way

William Shakespeare:
William Shakespeare is the greatest poet and dramatist of the Elizabethan Age. He was undoubtedly a world famous poet and dramatist. His contribution in English drama is unique. His contribution in sonnets is also unique. He was a versatile genius.

William Shakespeare's nickname was the Swan of Avon. He was born on April 23, 1564 in the village of Stratford -on-Avon in the country of Warwickshire in England. His father's name is John Shakespeare. His father was a trader in leather and agricultural products. His mother's name is Mary Arden.

When he was seven years old, he went to the grammar school of his native village, Stratford. In that School, he learnt Latin Grammar, Greek, logic and rhetoric. But he did not continue his study for financial problem. When he was 14 years old, his father fell into debt for losing his little property. For this reason, Shakespeare left school to give financial support to his family.

In his 19th years, he married Anne Hathaway. His wife was eight years senior than him. After 6 months of his married life, his first daughter was born. He had three children, two daughter and a son. His big daughter name was Susana. Hamnet was his son and Judith was his another daughter. They were twins. Unfortunately, his son Hamnet, only lived till he was eleven and died in 1596.

In 1585, Shakespeare left Stratford and went to London. In the London, he was gotten an employment with a company of actors. Shakespeare first started his work in London as a general helper of the theatre. But soon he became an actor. He was closely associated with two theatres. These theatres name were "The Globe" and "The Blackfriars"

William Shakespeare wrote 37 plays, 154 sonnets, and six poems. On the total 37 plays, he wrote 25 plays  before the death of Queen Elizabeth. He wrote 4 types of play. These are tragedy, comedy, tragi-comedy, and historical play. His play consists of five act. He composed much of his plays in "iambic pentameter". His first play was probably "Love's Labour's Lost" ( 1590). And his last play was "The Tempest" It is called Shakespeare's Swan song ( last work ). He was the innovator of Shakespearean Sonnet. His Sonnet style was three quatrains and a couplet ( 4 + 4 + 4 + 2 ). The rhyme scheme of his sonnet was abab, cdcd, efef, ggOn the total 6 poems, he wrote 2 long narrative poems and 4 shorter poems. Overall, The Merchant of Venice, All's Well that Ends Well, Measure for Measure, Hamlet, Macbeth, Othello, King Lear, Julius Caesar, Romeo and Juliet, As You Like It, Comedy of Errors, Twelfth Night, The Tempest were well known creations of Shakespeare.

William Shakespeare was mainly the writer of sixteen centauries. He was the National poet of England. He is also known as King without a crown. He is the bird of Avon. Dr. Samuel Johnson said William Shakespeare was the poet of human nature. The greatest superstar of the world died in 1616.


From the above discursion we will able to answer the following questions.

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